Steps how to write Research papers


A research paper is a piece of academic writing that employs the author’s or student’s original research to support the claim or thesis he seeks to prove and which he states at the very beginning of it, incorporating analysis and interpretation of his findings.


As a beginner, writing is neither an easy nor natural process, since your mind must piece together the thoughts, ideas, feelings, and emotions that comprise the conceptualization for writing themes, plots, scenes, characters, settings, and the interactions that are illustrated through dialogue. Next, you must assemble and organize them all, using tools known as words, which become grouped in the ever-expanding parts of sentences, paragraphs, pages, chapters, and, perhaps, full-length books. Spelling, grammar, and punctuation must always be kept in mind. This requires continual practice so that these components can be connected by means of neuropathways in the brain. Finally, they must be channeled through the motor skills down the arm to the hand and transformed into paper- or computer-captured expressions. This process may require years and even decades to perfect until it becomes second-nature to you.


1). Choose your topic:

  Topics may depend upon assignment, a list from which the only one may be selected, and/or professor-approval. But nothing enhances a literary work more than a theme the writer is interested in, is challenged by, believes in, and is passionate about. These parameters facilitate the transcendence from sheer “chore” in order to earn a grade to the reflection of his passion or, to a degree, from mundane writing mechanics to emotional expression. The former is the coast. The latter is a drive. On the other hand, limitations of your own knowledge concerning certain fields, such as technical ones, and source material will significantly narrow the scope and quality of your work, and maybe beyond your capability to write or even understand.

Here are five examples of thesis or research paper topics:

a). How do fats affect the human body and mind?

b). How close has humanity come to creating artificial intelligence?

c). What are the best ways to reduce global warming?

d). How does a new adoption law in Russia minimize orphans’ opportunities for happiness?

e). Is multitasking a productive or destructive work method?

2). Assess Source Material:

Before you select a theme or thesis, you may first wish to determine the amount and quality of material with which you can prove your thesis. If little exists, you are not likely to produce a satisfactory paper. Sources, needless to say, include libraries, published works, electronic venues, documents, businesses, government agencies, subject-specific works, and experts in the particular field. Cited sources must be credited and listed in the work’s bibliography.

3). Make your Thesis Statement:

Thesis or research paper statements, which can be considered declarations of belief you must ultimately support and prove through your sources, are the themes of your paper. They should be started immediately, such as in the first line or paragraph. They become the origin from which the literary journey begins and their proof becomes the destination. As you research, analyze your statement, develop your ideas, and support them, the statement itself may be refined or modified. You may discover that it is either too narrow or too broad. It should be strong and specific.

4). Create research paper Outline:

Like a road map, an outline enables you to both charts and follows your course from origin or thesis to destination or conclusion, providing direction. It can be either formal, with steps checked by numbers, letters, headings, and subheadings, or informal, which may only entail a bulleted list, but can include some or all of the following sections.

a). Title page.

b). Abstract-a brief summary of the research paper.

c). Introduction.

d). Body, subdivided into arguments, points of proof, and sources to be cited.

e). Reference or bibliography.

f). Tables, figures, and appendix, if applicable.

5). Organize your Notes:

 Notes from the raw data that will ultimately be transformed into the body of the work, whose final product will be greatly enhanced if they are placed in the order of argument. If opposing views support your thesis, they should be included. This note organization step enables you to analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest your collected information. All quoted material must appear in the order in which the arguments are presented.

6). Write your First Draft:

Following your outline and using your organized notes and sources, you are ready to write your first draft.

7). Revise your Thesis:

 Revision is the process of rewriting and refining, ensuring that facts are correct, that ideas are clearly expressed, and that the text logically flows and is always supported. In so doing, you may ask yourself the following questions.

a). Is my thesis statement concise and clear?

b). Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything?

c). Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence?

d). Are all sources properly cited?

e). Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments?

f). Did I leave a sense of completion for my readers at the end of the research paper?

8). Edit your Research paper:

 Revision is rewriting. Editing is proof-reading and checking for errors, such as spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

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