Please start up by consulting a number of related books and articles on financial reporting and managerial accounting/costing in your library and the electronic folder of your pack. List the desirable characteristics of financial reports as outlined in such books and articles. Examine the annual reports of SAP and ORACLE CORPORATIONS with all the financial statements included (at least 3 financial years per company) towards the following points:


  1. Examine these reports and then make the appropriate financial assessment on it to see how far in your view it appears to contain the desirable characteristics of financial reports as outlined in the textbooks. (You must show all workings, that is to analyze the financial performance and risk position of these companies as disclosed by its financial statements and explain ratios calculated for at least 3 financial years per company and make and comparison between them with the respective analysis). (50% of the total mark)


  1. Given the focus of SAP and ORACLE CORPORATIONS on the customer, the drive to reduce costs and “value for money” concept, concerns for the environment and sustainability issues, regulatory issues, technological innovations with huge investments regarding future and always “looking forward” and the emphasis on “customers and suppliers” working together, You are required to:

Discuss, using relevant academic literature to support your arguments, the potential for using strategic management accounting/costing concepts and techniques to help promote and facilitate SAP and ORACLE CORPORATIONS ambitions for the future.Prepare a written report on your findings and present them on your assignment and provide a practical example on a specific area regarding their accounting and financial implications. (50% of the total mark).


The objective of this assignment for the students is to tackle the financial analysis of two classical and very popular companies as case studies which take place internationally and which will reveal apparently the business and financial strategy of different kind of both enterprises, especially them that are among the very large ones in Europe and in the world. This project will entail a detailed discussion and financial/accounting and managerial accounting application on the proposed alternative strategies on financial ratios and the data derived by the financial statements and will focus mainly on the view and the opinions of the management team regarding managerial accounting/costing policies.

You are required to write a reply in order to cover all the above mentioned detailed questions. Bearing in mind the academic content of the program of Financial Reporting & Management Accounting, examine the above issue based upon your organisation’s financial and managerial accounting function experience (if any) and blend the theoretical aspects with the practical situation that SAP and ORACLE CORPORATIONS as big organizations are currently facing.

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